Just as with saunas, there is a variety of different types of steam baths. Here is a brief overview of the most common types of steam baths. Which one do you imagine for your place?
In a Roman bath – or Thermae – both the heat and steam typically stem from an open pool or body of water in the room. Typical baths include several rooms with different levels of temperatures, humidity and steam intensity. To underscore the Roman character, we would typically incorporate traditional Roman columns and colonnade designs.
Turkish baths – or Hammams – are similar to Roman baths. The difference is that a Hammam typically features less humidity and less intensive steam. A common fixture in a Hammam are lounging areas with large tables that allow you to stretch out fully, nowadays often used to offer a massage.
Harking back to their Islamic roots, Hammams, often incorporate typical Islamic and Arab design elements such as hexagonal and octagonal shapes and a focus on symmetrical, repeating, mirroring and interlocking design elements and patterns. When designing a Turkish bath, we typically incorporate some of these designs to reflect bath’s heritage.
The Egyptian bath – or Razul – is, as opposed to the Turkish and Roman bath, comprised of only a single steam room. Rather than move from room to room to increase temperature and humidity levels, in an Egyptian bath, the temperature and humidity are increased within the same room. This makes the Egyptian bath a favorite for home installations, where space is limited. We can incorporate typical Egyptian design patterns in bordures for example.
The banya, found not just in Russia but throughout Eastern Europe, falls somewhere between the steam bath and the sauna. Banyas, like saunas, are typically built of wood rather than stone because they operate the same high temperatures of up to 95 degrees. As opposed to a sauna, where water may from time to time be splashed on the stove to temporarily create steam, banyas are typically designed to constantly create steam. If you do not have space for a steam bath and a sauna, the banya is an interesting alternative.
Steam rooms are similar to Egyptian baths, in that both are comprised of just a single room. The difference lies in that modern steam rooms typically operate at slightly higher temperatures of 40 to 55 degrees and at 100 % humidity with often dense steam. With a modern steam generator and advanced control panel the features of an Egyptian bath and steam room can be combined.
The steam shower is either an addition to a steam room or a stand-alone installation, which allows you to directly ‘shower’ in a stream of carefully temperature controlled steam.
Unsure which of all the types of steam bath is right for your home or your hotel? Come and talk to us. We will figure it out together and you can try out or own steam bath – which is a combination of the Razul and steam room.